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Hannya
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Deigan
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Yase-otoko

Vengeful Spirit Masks
Yase-otoko; Kaeru; Yase-onna; Reijo; Kanawa onna; Deigan; Hashi-hime; Namanari; Hannya; Ja; etc.

Vengeful Spirit masks are used to portray angry spirits, both living and dead, whose anger demands expression. The very famous Hannya mask, a representative Noh mask, expresses both the fury and the sorrow of a jealous woman; characterized by its two horns, its gaping mouth, and its angry eyes, it is especially used for woman who have transformed into a demon, as in The Lady Aoi and The Demon of Dojoji. The Deigan mask is used for a woman who has submerged her jealousy, but who is beginning to change into an evil creature, as in the first half of The Lady Aoi. Its name derives from the golden pigment (kindei) with which the whites of the eyes (gan) have been painted. The Yase-otoko mask is used for the ghosts of dead men who have fallen into sufferings of hell, as in Birds of Sorrow; in this mask, gold-colored metal has been applied to the eyes of this haggard man, who has lost all vitality. One characteristic of the masks in this category is that they all have strands of disheveled hair drawn on their sides.

The Okina Masks
Old-man Masks
Fierce Deity Masks
Male Masks
Female Masks
Vengeful Spirit Masks
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Copyright 2004, by the Japan Arts Council. All rights reserved.