In the world of Noh, costumes (isho) are
known as shozoku. The costumes of Noh express
in a visual way the spirit and substance
of a Noh play. Styled after the sumptuous
robes given to actors by noblemen and samurai
in the Muromachi period, they developed
as costumes for performances in the Edo
(Tokugawa) period, after Noh had become
an official form of entertainment. Woven
mainly of silk, many costumes are made of
very thick material, and they are made in
many determined patterns and colors, often
having various designs\all of which combine
to create a type of elegant, luxurious beauty.
The costumes are thus very closely related
to the interpretation, acting, and producing
of a role. Thus, the costumes in Noh are
second only to the masks in importance.
(Broad-sleeved): noshi; kariginu; happi;
sobatsugi; choken; mai-ginu; mizu-goromo;
hitatare; suo; etc.
(Small-sleeved): karaori; atsuita;
etc. (These are also used as inner robes.)
Main robes (inner robes): nuihaku;
surihaku; noshime; shironeri; shiroaya;
Trousers (hakama): okuchi; hangire;
sashi-nuki; naga-bakama; etc.
Wigs: katsura; jo-gami, kuro-gashira;
aka-gashira; shiro-gashira; kuro-tare; shiro-tare;
Other: eri (neck piece); kazura
obi; koshi obi; shiro-tabi (white socks)