Invitation to Kabuki - Guidance for Kabuki appreciation
History of Kabuki
Kabuki after WWII - revival to prosperity
Nearly all theaters in Tokyo and Osaka were destroyed by air raids in World War II. Kabuki reopened after the war in September 1945 in Tokyo Gekijo, which remained unburned.
But shortly after Kabuki performances restarted, the General Headquarters (GHQ) of the Allied Powers prohibited the performance of major repertoire items including "Kanadehon chushingura" because the GHQ judged their content to be feudalistic and anti-democratic. This was a critical point in the existence of Kabuki. But, by the great efforts of concerned people, Kabuki performances were gradually permitted, and in 1947 it became completely possible to perform everything in the Kabuki repertoire.
Although great Kabuki actors from prewar times, such as Onoe Kikugoro 6th and Nakamura Kichiemon 1st, were dying, the Kabukiza was rebuilt in 1951, and "Genji monogatari" performed in the same year created a major sensation, so Kabuki had achieved its restoration.
In 1962, the Ichikawa Danjuro family name, which had lapsed for 60 years, was revived, and performances announcing the succession of Ichikawa Danjuro 11th were held. These performances were extremely popular and resulted in a "Kabuki boom." Kabuki in and after the Showa 30s (1957-), showed stage results stabilized by the great activities of the first postwar generation of actors.
Bromide photograph of Ichikawa Danjuro 11th, when he was known by his former name, Ichikawa Ebizo 9th, acting the part of Oboshi Yuranosuke in "Shichidamme"(Act 7) of "Kanadehon chushingura"
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